A Job Safety Analysis (JSA) or Job Hazard Analysis (JHA) is a process for reducing a task into its component steps and then evaluating each step to determine the hazards to the individual performing the work. Once identified, the hazard can be eliminated or reduced using the Hiearchy of Controls (i.e., elimination, substitution, adminstrative controls or safe work practices, or lastly personal protective equipment). Additional requirements such as authorized training or additional supervision may also be needed. While the analyses for some tasks are very detailed, for many tasks a thorough review of the work by the affected individuals is usually sufficient. The final outcome of the analysis is a written document outlining the safe work practices for a particular task.
Potential benefits of an analysis include:
- Protection of employees
- Prevention of injuries
- Establishes safe work performance standards
- Standardizes operations based on acceptable safe work practices and Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
- Provides training documentation regarding a worker's knowledge of the job requirements
- Assists in compliance with regulatory requirements
For more information about conducting a Job Safety or Hazard Analysis, contact Environmental Health and Safety at (828) 251-6038.
Fill out the Job Safety/Hazard Analysis form.